DALLAS — Two World War II-era airplanes collided in midair at an air show in Dallas on Saturday, the authorities said, turning the commemorative Veterans Day weekend event into a scene of horror.
Six people were killed in the crash, the National Transportation Safety Board said on Sunday.
The planes — a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and a Bell P-63 Kingcobra — crashed at about 1:20 p.m. local time, the Federal Aviation Administration said. The crash happened at the Wings Over Dallas air show at Dallas Executive Airport, which is about 10 miles south of downtown Dallas.
Videos posted online appeared to show a fast and agile airplane slamming into a larger aircraft as horrified onlookers watched.
Michael Graham, a member of the N.T.S.B., said that the five crew members of the B-17 and the sole pilot of the Kingcobra were killed.
The authorities did not release the names of the victims, but the city of Keller, Texas, about 30 miles northwest of Dallas, confirmed on social media that a former City Council member there, Terry Barker, died in the collision.
Mr. Graham said a preliminary report into the crash was expected in four to six weeks and a full investigative report would take up to 18 months. He said the aircraft did not have flight data recorders or cockpit voice recorders, known as black boxes, adding that they were not required to be equipped with them.
Hank Coates, the president of the Commemorative Air Force, the group behind the air show, said at a news conference on Saturday that the group’s pilots were well-trained and licensed volunteers, typically former airline or military pilots. He said a midair collision at an air show like this was “extremely rare.”
The Commemorative Air Force restores and preserves World War II-era combat aircraft, according to its website.
Paul Martin, a member of the Army Air Forces Historical Association, said that the Flying Fortress was a lumbering bomber that was like a “tractor-trailer truck,” big enough to carry a crew of 10 or 11 people, while the Kingcobra was a single-pilot fighter plane.
To have either aircraft in flying condition was a rare occurrence, he said. He said he was aware of only about nine B-17’s in flying condition and only one P-63 Kingcobra — before Saturday’s crash.
“It’s heartbreaking for me to hear this, both on a human level and a historical level,” he said.
Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson said on social media on Saturday that there were no reports of injuries to spectators or those on the ground.
“The videos are heartbreaking,” he said. “Please, say a prayer for the souls who took to the sky to entertain and educate our families today.”
Leah Block, vice president of marketing for the Commemorative Air Force, said there were about 4,000 people at the event, which is meant to educate people about World War II history and honor the contributions of veterans. She said that the group owned the two aircraft involved in the crash, along with more than 180 other planes at 60 locations across the country. About 15 planes were taking part in the event on Saturday.
Christopher Kratovil, a lawyer in Dallas, took his 12-year-old daughter, Kelsey, a history buff like himself, to the air show on Saturday. Mr. Kratovil said his father used to take him to air shows when he was a child.
“It’s just an amazing thing to see these aircraft that you read about in the pages of a history book, there and tangible, and you see them flying and operating,” he said.
He said there were several aircraft flying at the same time, perhaps about eight, a mix of bombers like the Flying Fortress and fighters like the Kingcobra. The event included a narrator describing the significance of the aircraft, with patriotic music playing in the background.
Mr. Kratovil said the Flying Fortress appeared to be doing a flyby near the crowd, a common move meant for attendees to get a good look.
Then he saw the explosion.
His first thought was it could be pyrotechnics, but he quickly realized there was no way to do midair pyrotechnics. He then saw a wing come off the B-17 and then the fuselage of the plane fall to the ground, followed by fireballs and a loud crash.
“It hit me all of a sudden: This is real. You’re watching a B-17 crash,” he said. “It was just a horrific thing to see and a horrific thing to witness with one of my children.”
In 2019, another B-17 bomber was involved in a deadly crash. Seven people were killed after a Flying Fortress that took off from Bradley International Airport, near Hartford, Conn., crashed into a de-icing facility shortly after takeoff, according to the National Transportation Safety Board. The agency found that pilot error and inadequate maintenance contributed to the crash.
Mr. Martin, from the historical group, watched videos online over and over again on Saturday night and struggled to make sense of the crash.
“To see that Kingcobra fly into the B-17 is mind-boggling to me,” he said. “How do you miss it?”
“It’s not like the Thunderbirds or the Blue Angels that are highly skilled pilots and practice and practice and try to fly within feet of each other,” he added, referring to the well-known demonstration squads. “These are show planes. These are 80-year-old aircraft.”
April Rubin and Christine Chung contributed reporting.